In Moscow will host an exhibition of the chief architect of the twentieth century

In Moscow will host an exhibition of the chief architect of the twentieth centuryThe building of the Ministry of foreign Affairs of Brazil looks amazingly easy. Thin and high support arches, the length of which is doubled by the reflection in the water, seem almost ethereal.Although relies on them multi-ton concrete roof to protect from the sun the interior glass of the building.The author of this project, Oscar Niemeyer, December 15, celebrates 100 years. To study the work of a living classic and one of the chief architects of the XX century will be at the exhibition "Poetry forms", organized in honor of the anniversary of the master Fund "Russian avant-garde" at the Moscow Museum of architecture. Will present photographs, drawings and layouts Niemeyer from the 1940s to the present. Including what was done to them for Brasilia, the new capital of his native country, - the designer of the city Niemeyer has become in 50 years.Following the General plan of the city, developed the ensemble of the administrative part of the residence of the President of the Palace of the dawn", the building of the chambers of the national Congress, the government's "Palace of the plateau", the Cathedral and other projects. Today they are recognized as monuments of architecture. Critics called the style Niemeyer emotional or romantic modernism for the use of a large number of curved shapes.He works with concrete, as if with clay, and deprives its massiveness, the result is a plastic building, a drop-like flowers, like frozen streams of water. The brevity of the forms peculiar to modernism, remains.The exhibition "Poetry of form" consists of five sections.STAGE 1Pampulha: the cradle of modern Brazilian architecture - from 1940 to 1943The initial phase of the architecture of Oscar Niemeyer can be compared with the formation of the Brazilian architecture. To this period belong the architectural structure of the complex of Pampulha (1940-43), which possess both a national (Brazilian) and universal elements, which, according to the architect, felt "an unexpected game of straight and curved lines". Thus, these structures embody in themselves the traits of rationalism, organicism and free of formalism, taking into account international criticism during the period of construction of the complex. Skillful use of formal functionalist elements and compositional principles in the United designs easily overcame dichotomy established in modern architecture. Among structures of the complex of Pampulha you should pay attention to the Church of St. Francis Assiago, which can be noted such similarities with the architecture of Minas Gerais, as a structural unity, sensuality and formal extravagance peculiar to free architectural formalism.STAGE 2Free form and organic - from 1943 to 1953In the period following the creation of a complex in Pampulha, explores new artistic possibilities, this stage is characterized by free and organic formalism in architecture, also it is characterized by the development of technology in engineering, the use of new materials, including concrete. More distinct expression get the basic poetic directions used by the architect: this is a work of the sculptor Jean ARP, landscapes by European artists of the surrealist direction and the lush sensuality of tropical nature and Brazilian women. Especially highlighted the complex Ibirapeura" (sГЈo Paulo, 1951) and "Casa das Canoas" (Rio de Janeiro, 1952-53) - house architect, Oscar Niemeyer was able to seamlessly fit into the natural tropical environment.STEP 3Brasilia: modernism, magic and eternity - from 1953 to 1965This stage Oscar Niemeyer begins with rebellion against Orthodoxy in architecture when it becomes more visible turn in the direction parallel reality, hidden, and how our subconscious. In this sense, the search for constancy along with transitivity it is becoming increasingly obvious: if in the project "Casa das Canoas" the architect sought to find expression through eternity of oneness with nature, at this stage of development of its architecture search eternity is through the magic associated with sublimation of reality. Construction of buildings of the Monumental axis in Brazil's capital - Brasilia - plays a major role in creating new, exciting and magical world. Through the use of symbolism in its architecture Niemeyer was able to achieve what enough new buildings such as the building of the Monumental axis, ranked in line with the basic creations, representing the Brazilian culture.STEP 4Life abroad during the "years of Lead" and the road to social architecture - from 1965 to 1989After the construction of Brasilia, which glorified him and his work and the military coup of 1964, which led to the establishment of a dictatorship in Brazil, Niemeyer left for Europe. There he meets with history and ancient architecture, and this new knowledge will make his work more Mature and cleaner from the technical point of view. As an example, typical of this period can be called the Algiers mosque (Algiers, 1968) and the headquarters of the publishing house Mondadori (Italy, 1968-75). Without losing its artistic, Niemeyer architecture becomes more politically oriented, with active social and community point of view. At this stage, the free formalism, organicism and surreal classicism increasingly combined with social concern of the Communist Oscar Niemeyer in projects such as the headquarters of the French Communist party (Paris, 1965-80), University of Constantine (Algeria, 1969-77), the House of culture (Le Havre, 1972-82). After returning to the country in 80 years, projects in the Sambadrome, Rio de Janeiro, 1983-84) and Centres of public education (Rio de Janeiro, the construction of more than 500 centers was begun in 1984).STEP 5Personal Museum and the museums of Man - from 1989 to presentAt this stage, Oscar Niemeyer continues to create projects of public cultural facilities, proving that with all the great success he created the same applies architectural style. Of particular interest are the museums and memorials, in which he explores the imaginary world of man. Imagination is a key element of its architecture - where the appeal to himself, symbolism, search of salvation and the study of the tangible and intangible manifestations of the peculiarities of the Brazilian people find expression in his works. This period starts with the end of the 80s, with the construction of the Memorial of Latin America in sГЈo Paulo. Further, by the construction of the Museum of modern art in Niteroi, Oscar Niemeyer Museum in Curitiba, Museum in Brasilia. Currently there is a construction of the architectural complex, known Niemeyer Road (niterГіi). All these works are a main characteristic features of the culture of the Brazilian people. In currently under construction complex Road Niemeyer in the project and the Administrative center of the state of Minas Gerais, the architect enters into a dialogue with its most famous projects and works. He uses large-scale architecture, without compromising the quality parameters. An example of such architecture can serve as a University project in Constantine. Source: Moscow will host an exhibition of the chief architect of the twentieth century.



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